Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Aside from that, communities all around the world speak it. In total nearly 4 million people, speak the Urdu language.
Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The 4 most vital of all of the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Military who belonged to completely different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Army’.To communicate with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nonetheless, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Truly, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals additionally liked it. In these instances, speaking Urdu turned one of the trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu by way of poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent have been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry within the 13th century. It was a huge success. Nevertheless, for an additional century no one prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. In the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a serious enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay month-to-month stipends to the poets. Aside from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by way of prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu brief story or novel did not turn out to be a trend. The most important reason is that the Royals were never interested in the reading. However, after the decline of Mughals and within the period of the British, a really intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel became a huge success. Even at the moment the novel is well-liked and in demand. In truth, Deputy Nazir Ahmed can be called the primary and probably the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu by way of journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nevertheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. The truth is, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with concentrate on the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be launched among the many Muslims and the Hindus both. It is wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed rather a lot to the mental awakening of the people of the subcontinent.
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