Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages within the Indian subcontinent. Other than that, communities all around the world speak it. In total nearly four million individuals, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most necessary of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who belonged to completely different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Military’.To speak with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
However, very soon the language reached to the Royal courts. Really, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In these instances, speaking Urdu became one of the trendiest things. Quickly the Hindu population too started to speak it, by together with many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu via poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent were very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the 13th century. It was an enormous success. Nevertheless, for one more century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a serious increase to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay month-to-month stipends to the poets. Apart from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu through prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel did not turn into a trend. The foremost reason is that the Royals have been never interested within the reading. Nonetheless, after the decline of Mughals and in the era of the British, a very intelligent man tried to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel grew to become a huge success. Even at the moment the novel is popular and in demand. In reality, Deputy Nazir Ahmed may be called the primary and probably the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu by journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nonetheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. The truth is, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with deal with the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the many Muslims and the Hindus both. It is wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed loads to the mental awakening of the individuals of the subcontinent.
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