Urdu is without doubt one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Aside from that, communities everywhere in the world speak it. In total nearly 4 million individuals, speak the Urdu language.
Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The 4 most important of all of the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Military who belonged to completely different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Military’.To speak with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nevertheless, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Actually, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals additionally liked it. In those times, speaking Urdu turned one of many trendiest things. Soon the Hindu inhabitants too started to speak it, by together with many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu by means of poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent have been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the 13th century. It was an enormous success. Nevertheless, for one more century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. In the 18th and nineteenth century, poets gave a significant increase to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Aside from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu via prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu brief story or novel did not turn into a trend. The most important reason is that the Royals were by no means interested within the reading. However, after the decline of Mughals and in the period of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the truth that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel grew to become an enormous success. Even at present the novel is common and in demand. In actual fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed might be called the first and probably the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu via journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. However, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. Actually, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So that they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with give attention to the present affairs and political satires.
Those magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s needless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed so much to the mental awakening of the people of the subcontinent.
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